“Technical Textiles Business Outlook” contains information on recent advances in the textile industry, including advances in: nonwoven materials for textiles. Nonwovens are those fibers that can be woven into cloth like material. The fibers of nonwoven fabrics are usually made from synthetic materials and can be woven in a variety of textures, colors, and even patterns. Textiles made from polyester, nylon, and polyester blend are popular because they are not dyed, contain no harmful chemicals, and can be washed without damaging them. There is a high demand for textiles in the apparel industry because they are easy to produce and create fabric from, and they are available in a wide range of prices, as well.
The Institute of Textile Chemistry at Illinois Institute of Technology is one of the major Institutes of Applied Research in Illinois. The Institute conducts research on the uses of textile materials and fibers, their properties, and the uses for which they are used. Their website contains numerous publications and images on textile science and technology. They also sponsor manuscripts and proceedings on textile science and technology. In addition to having a technical staff, the Illinois Institute of Technology has several faculty members involved with teaching and research in the fields of textile science and technology.
The Illinois Institute of Technology also conducts research in the business of textiles and nonwovens, focusing on the clothing industry. In the past, the textile industry has been dominated by women’s and children’s clothing businesses. However, with the introduction of nonwoven fabrics in the last decade, the market has opened up to include businesses specializing in men’s, women’s, and children’s clothing. More nonwoven fabrics are now used in the business of textiles and nonwovens than ever before. In the past, the bulk of textile production occurred in sweatshops with little or no opportunity to be developed by business owners in other industries.
Because of the advent of nonwoven fabrics, apparel businesses have begun to use technology to make their products more marketable and competitive. At the Institute of Technology, a business can learn how to create better clothing through courses on technical textiles. Students can choose to focus on apparel production, or on weaving techniques and technical textile terminology. In either area, students will learn the technical terms that pertain to the business of apparel manufacturing. Specializations in apparel production include fashion design, material processing, and manufacturing. Students will also gain valuable experience by working in a factory, on the development of new clothing lines, or by developing and marketing new lines of clothing.
Another textile research institute at Illinois is the University of Illinois College of Engineering. People who want to start a nonwovens textiles business can enroll in classes designed to help them learn about the basics of the business. Students can concentrate on materials science and can study textile production through a man-made business fiber study program. The college also offers classes in applied textile sciences and nonwoven fabrics, and they conduct research and seminars that focus on these areas.
Nonwoven fabrics and apparel have a number of distinct qualities that sets them apart from other types of textiles. First, textiles have a much higher R value. This means that they are stronger than nonwovens and are more resistant to tearing or ripping. Second, unlike in other textiles, both synthetic and natural fibers in nonwovens are woven together to form thicker materials. Woven materials have a much tighter appearance than those made through the use of other processes. These characteristics make nonwoven fabrics ideal for use in a variety of applications.
An organization called Polytechnic Institute of Chicago also conducts a number of seminars that address issues related to the textile industry. Here, textile researchers from around the world come together to discuss issues concerning the uses of polymer and non-polymer fibers, which are then used in different applications. During these seminars, a number of polypropylene fibers, nylon, rayon, and other fibers with high porosity and other unique physical characteristics are introduced. These fibers are collected, evaluated, and discussed in an effort to unravel the various applications of polymer and non-polymer fibers.
A number of textile companies also provide training programs for both new and returning students. Textile companies give emphasis on technical textiles and offer courses covering both new and old techniques and fibers. Most of the textile companies conduct a week long course at the Technical Institute of Chicago, from May to October. Some companies conduct short courses as well, as more students may be interested in continuing their education.